پذیرش اینترنتی

Keratoconus Treatment

چهار شنبه 8 فروردین 1397
بازدید: 1867

What is keratoconus?

Keratoconus is a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape. This cone shape deflects light as it enters the eye on its way to the light-sensitive retina, causing distorted vision.

Keratoconus can occur in one or both eyes and often begins during a person's teens or early 20s.

Keratoconus is one of the main reasons for corneal transplant surgery in young patients.

 

What causes it?

Keratoconus is passed from parents to children in approximately 25% of cases. In the remaining cases, it appears sporadically, linked to complex patterns of inheritance that are the subject of ongoing research.

Keratoconus also is associated with overexposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun, excessive eye rubbing, a history of poorly fitted contact lenses and chronic eye irritation.

 

How can it be prevented?

There are no preventative measures for keratoconus, but there are treatments available to arrest its development. Early detection is essential to prevent the disorder from advancing and requiring corneal transplant surgery.

There are also mild forms that do not cause visual impairment and can only be diagnosed through topographic examination.

It is recommended that relatives of keratoconus patients, although not appearing to be affected, undergo a visual examination, as they may be carriers of the disease.

Most at risk of keratoconus are children and young people, so it is important to encourage these age groups to have regular eye examinations.

 

Symptoms

the main symptom is decreased vision and the onset or sudden increase of astigmatism.

Astigmatism is normally induced by a refractive defect in the cornea which, unlike myopia or hyperopia, does not tend to develop naturally with age.

It is therefore important for any patient suffering from a sudden increase in refractive defect, especially if children or young people, to have a complete topographic examination to rule out the presence of keratoconus.

 

Treatments:

There are several treatment options available depending on the severity of the disease:

 

 

 


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